- Type: Museums, Sightseeing
- Time to Spend: 2 hours to Half Day
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Never conquered by enemy troops, Hohensalzburg Fortress was invaded by tourists in the mid-20th century. It was originally built in 1077 in preparation for a conflict between Pope Gregor VII and Emperor Henry IV. Over the centuries, the complex has grown, serving as a prison, army camp, and, of course, a military stronghold. Today, a torture chamber, several courtyards, and three small museums -- the Fortress, the Rainer Regiment and the Marionette -- reside within its walls.
When you visit, you'll notice this fortress' rugged purposes did not dissuade rulers from adorning the interior lavishly. Some of the oldest gothic-style rooms have intricate wood paneling, elaborate door frames, and complex ceiling vaults. And despite the eclectic décor, most people snap photos of the imposing exterior. Take your camera with you to the top of Hohensalzburg, where one TripAdvisor user says "You get great views of Salzburg and surroundings."
Hohensalzburg Fortress is open from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. with extended hours in the summer season. A combined ticket for about €10.50 EUR (or about $14 USD) includes your ascent and decent to the fortress via the cable railway at the foot of the hill. Discounted rates for children and students are available. Look at the castle's website for more details and hours, and consider purchasing the Salzburg Card to use at this attraction.