Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe#6 in Best Things To Do in Berlin
The Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas (which translates to the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe or, more simply, Berlin's Holocaust Memorial) consists of a grid of 2,711 concrete blocks made to memorialize the 6 million Jewish victims of the Third Reich. Some blocks stand as tall as 15 feet.
Many visitors choose to simply walk among the gray slabs, but if you're interested in learning more about the history, you can descend to the underground visitor center. Recent travelers said they felt incredibly moved by the sheer size of the memorial (it spans more than half a square mile), and most highly recommended a visit when in Berlin.
The memorial can be reached via the U-Bahn (Line U2, Potsdamer Platz or Mohrenstraße; Line U55, Brandenburger Tor), the S-Bahn (Lines S1, S2, S25, Brandenburger Tor or Potsdamer Platz) and several bus lines, including the popular No. 100. You can visit this memorial 24 hours a day, but note that the visitor center is only open Tuesday through Sunday, 10 a.m. to 7 or 8 p.m., depending on the time of year. There is no admission fee to view the memorial or the subterranean information center, but if you'd like to rent an audio guide for your visit, you'll have to pay 3 euros (about $3.50) per person. Public guided tours, which last about 90 minutes, are free and offered in English on Saturdays at 3 p.m. For more information, visit the memorial's website.
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#1 Topography of Terror
The Topography of Terror (Topographie des Terrors) museum sits on the site of the Gestapo and SS Police's former headquarters during World War II. By walking the grounds and touring the documentation center, travelers can learn about the atrocities committed by those German officers that once worked at this very site.
Other interesting exhibits that detail Berlin between 1933 and 1945 are found on the grounds, including excavated portions of the old building. For a more in-depth look at the museum, you can take the free English-speaking tour, which is offered Sundays at 3:30 p.m. (Most exhibits are listed in German and English.) You'll want to sign up at the reception desk 30 minutes before the tour starts.
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