Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe#6 in Best Things To Do in Berlin
The Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas (which translates to the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe or, more simply, Berlin's Holocaust Memorial) consists of a grid of 2,711 concrete blocks made to memorialize the 6 million Jewish victims of the Third Reich. Some blocks stand as tall as 15 feet.
Many visitors choose to simply walk among the gray slabs, but if you're interested in learning more about the history, you can descend to the underground visitor center. Recent travelers said they felt incredibly moved by the sheer size of the memorial (it spans more than half a square mile), and most highly recommended a visit when in Berlin.
The memorial can be reached via the U-Bahn (Line U2, Potsdamer Platz or Mohrenstraße; Line U55, Brandenburger Tor), the S-Bahn (Lines S1, S2, S25, Brandenburger Tor or Potsdamer Platz) and several bus lines, including the popular No. 100. You can visit this memorial 24 hours a day, but note that the visitor center is only open Tuesday through Sunday, 10 a.m. to 7 or 8 p.m., depending on the time of year. There is no admission fee to view the memorial or the subterranean information center, but if you'd like to rent an audio guide for your visit, you'll have to pay 3 euros (about $3.50) per person. Public guided tours, which last about 90 minutes, are free and offered in English on Saturdays at 3 p.m. For more information, visit the memorial's website.
More Best Things To Do in Berlin
#1 Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor)
Inspired by the Acropolis entrance in Athens, the Brandenburger Tor (Brandenburg Gate) is one of the most-photographed sites in Berlin. Located in Pariser Platz, one of the city's most famous squares, the Brandenburg Gate was built for King Frederick Wilhelm II starting in 1788.
Since then, it's been the backdrop of much of the city's history, including Napoleonic invasions and Nazi parades. During the Cold War, the structure sat in "no man's land" between East and West Berlin. Visitors to the monument say it's now a must-see symbol that represents Germany unity.