Dohány Street Synagogue (Dohány utcai Zsinagóga)#10 in Best Things To Do in Budapest
Also referred to as the Great Synagogue, this place of worship is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second-largest in the world (only Temple Emanu-El in New York City is slightly bigger). Opened in 1859, this building features Romantic and Moorish Revival-style architecture and can accommodate up to 3,000 people.
Travelers suggest you visit for the atmosphere and to learn of the synagogue's historical significance – particularly its connection to the Holocaust. In 1939, the synagogue was bombed by a Hungarian pro-Nazi party, and between 1944 and 1945, Dohány Street itself constituted the border of Budapest's Jewish ghetto. Visit the adjacent Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives to learn about the history of Hungarian Judaism and to pay your respects at the Garden of Memory in its courtyard.
The synagogue starts welcoming visitors at 10 a.m. every day except Saturdays and religious holidays; closing hours vary by time of year. You can attend a service for free or tour the property. The latter costs 4,000 forints (about $15.50) for adults and 3,000 forints (approximately $12) for students. If you have a Budapest Card, you'll receive a 10 percent discount for your ticket. Admissions cover a guided tour of the property and access to restrooms, a gift shop and the Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives. You'll find the synagogue a block north of the Astoria metro stop in eastern Elizabeth Town. To learn more, visit Dohány Street Synagogue's website.
More Best Things To Do in Budapest
#1 Fisherman's Bastion (Halászbástya)
Located in the historic district of Castle Hill, Fisherman's Bastion is a neo-Gothic terrace that looks like a structure taken straight out of a fairy tale. Designed and built in 1905 by Frigyes Schulek – the same architect who built the adjacent Matthias Church – Fisherman's Bastion is named after the medieval guild of fishermen who protected Budapest from invasion.
Visitors say Fisherman's Bastion's gleaming white structure provides panoramic views of the city: From here, you can snap some breathtaking pictures of the Danube River, Margaret Island and Pest. Also save time for exploring the sight's seven ornate turrets, which symbolize the tents of the seven Magyar leaders who settled the Carpathian Basin, ultimately leading to the existence of modern-day Hungary.