Mexico's capital is one of the liveliest and largest cities in the world, with a renowned arts and culture scene (an entire district was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site) and some of the best cuisine in the Western Hemisphere. Even better, Mexico City is affordable – and safer than you might expect. Sprawling across nearly 60 municipalities, el Ciudad de México promises its visitors an unforgettable stay, perfect for the frugal, culture-loving traveler who feels at home in a large, crowded place.
If you want the full experience, some say you should spend at least a week in the Federal District so that you'll see most of the historic and popular sites. Even after a week, you'll find plenty more to explore. In short, it's best to plan extensively before diving in.
Founded in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, the city was colonized by the Spanish in 1521 and later dubbed "Mexico." Today at nearly 500 years old, its pre-colonial history is alive throughout much of the modern-day capital. The city is overflowing with opportunities to study the country's rich and conflicted past. But it's also one of the most densely populated cities in the world, and although it does grapple with common urban problems like crime and pollution, many neighborhoods – including Condesa and Polanco – are as safe as any city in the United States or Europe.
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Mexico, especially the Districto Federal (or simply D.F.) has a vast and varied history that still impacts its culture today. The culture blends native traditions and beliefs of the Mesoamerican natives (largely Aztec in the capital) with customs brought by the Spaniards plus a great sense of pride brought by Mexican independence in 1810 and the Mexican Revolution in the early twentieth century.
Spanish is the official language of Mexico and is universally spoken in Mexico City and throughout the country. But Mexico has a still-vibrant indigenous tradition, and more than 100 Native American languages remain alive in the country. One of the most popular indigenous languages in Mexico is Nahuatl, which is spoken by about 1.5 million people in Mexico.
Typically in Mexico, women greet each other with a pat on the arm or shoulder, while men shake hands. Late arrivals are customary – and even considered polite – at most gatherings. Keep in mind that it's not advised to drink the tap water, but most establishments have a large supply of bottled water. Also, if you encounter the word "gringo" (defined by a person, especially an American, who is not Hispanic or Latino), don't be offended. It's simply the only word in Spanish that describes a white person.
While the Centers for Disease Control does have warnings in place for the Zika virus, visitors shouldn't worry about contracting the virus in Mexico City. The Federal District is located at more than 6,500 feet above sea level meaning that virus-carrying mosquitos cannot live in those environmental conditions. If you stay in Mexico City, the chances of contracting the disease are very minimal, according to the CDC.
One thing you'll find an abundance of in Mexico City is comida (food). After all, there are almost 9 million people to feed in the city. Chances are you're familiar with some Mexican staples such as tacos, quesadillas and tamales. But there's more to the Districto Federal's culinary culture.
You'll find that lunch (or almuerzo) is typically the largest meal of the day, and if you're lucky yours may include cerveza (beer) or tequila. Dinner doesn't usually take place until later at night and consists of lighter dishes. Street food is ingrained in the culture here, dating back to pre-Hispanic times. You'll likely find anything you could want at these street stalls, and even some specialties like chapulines (roasted grasshoppers).
Some foods that are unique to the Mexico City area are tacos al pastor – which includes marinated pork that's been cooked on a rotisserie (called a trompo) and thinly sliced off before being served in tortillas with onion and pineapple. Another Mexico City original is huarache (fried corn tortillas topped with meat, cheese, beans, potatoes, cream and salsa). Is your mouth watering yet?
Establishments range from hole-in-the-wall mezcal bars to fine dining restaurants and everything in between. One of the best foodie neighborhoods is Condesa, which offers popular restaurants and booming nightlife. But you could stumble upon amazing flavors all over the city. If you're looking for a fine dining experience, make a reservation at Pujol, Biko or Quintonil, but for a more laid-back meal head to Las Duelistas. Some of the most popular street food stalls are found in the Polanco neighborhood at Cochinita Pibil at El Turix. Those with a sweet tooth won't want to leave Mexico City without grabbing churros from the Churreia El Moro near the Metro San Juan de Letrán metro station (on the green line). There are so many delicious options in the city, it's hard for many to pick a favorite. Our advice: Ask a friendly local for recommendations – you can't go wrong.
While some travelers fear that Mexico City is too dangerous, the city has managed to keep its distance from the drug war that has affected many other parts of the country. Still, common sense and wise precautions should be used to ensure a safe vacation. To avoid robberies in cabs, call for a " sitio " or " turismo " car from your hotel or hostel. These cars are registered with the government and remain very safe and affordable options for travel around the city. Some do suggest you steer clear of the yellow or green libre cabs.
Avoid carrying large amounts of money or valuables while in the city, due to high incidences of pickpocketing. You might also consider purchasing protected traveler's checks as an extra precaution. Although the U.S. State Department warns citizens to exercise caution when traveling to certain parts of Mexico, the Federal District that makes up Mexico City is not one of them. It is advisable to avoid any political demonstrations that are frequent in the capital city.
The best way to get around Mexico City is the metro. Not only is it fairly clean and quick, but you can ride for approximately $0.25. Plus, most popular tourist attractions are easily accessible by train. Several different types of buses motor through the main square (el Zócalo) and its busiest streets – they are also an affordable option.
Taxis are slightly more expensive, but they are a hassle-free means of getting to the city center from the Benito Juárez International Airport (MEX), which is about 6 miles east of the Centro Histórico. Driving yourself is a terrible idea – either to and from the airport or around town.See details for Getting Around
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To travel to Mexico, U.S. residents require a valid United States passport. You must also fill out a tourist card before arrival. Tourist cards – and the accompanying fee – are usually provided by your airline. For more information entry and exit requirements, visit the U.S. State Department's site .