Festung Hohensalzburg (Hohensalzburg Fortress)#4 in Best Things To Do in Salzburg
Never conquered by enemy troops, Festung Hohensalzburg opened to the public in the mid-20th century. It was originally built in 1077 in preparation for a conflict between Pope Gregor VII and Emperor Henry IV. Over the centuries, the complex has grown, serving as a prison, an army camp and, of course, a military stronghold. Today, a torture chamber, several courtyards and three small museums — the Fortress, the Rainer Regiments and the Marionette —reside within its walls.
When you visit, you'll notice this fortress' rugged purposes did not dissuade rulers from adorning the interior lavishly. Some of the oldest gothic-style rooms have intricate wood paneling, elaborate door frames and complex ceiling vaults. And despite the eclectic decor, most people appreciate the imposing exterior. For stunning views of Salzburg and the surrounding area, make your way to the top of the compound.
Festung Hohensalzburg is open from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. from October to April and from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. during the summer. And during Advent and Easter, the fortress is open from 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. A combined ticket for 11.30 euros (about $12.31) includes your ascent and decent to the fortress via the cable railway at the foot of the hill. (Keep in mind, though, that the funicular is closed from mid-January to May.) Discounted rates for children and students are available. And remember, like many of the city's attractions, admission into Festung Hohensalzburg is free for anyone with a Salzburg Card.
More Best Things To Do in Salzburg
#1 Altstadt (Old Town)
Since this central district contains some of the city's most popular attractions, such as Mozarts Geburtshaus and the Salzburg Museum, you will undoubtedly spend hours exploring here. We recommend not rushing through it, however, since there are tons of architectural marvels, markets and shops to see.
Wander around Altstadt's Judengasse (the Jewish District) and examine the St. Florian Fountain in the Alter Markt, a marketplace that dates back to the 13th century. And for architecture fans, spend plenty of time gazing at the neighborhood's array of buildings. Some structures were originally constructed during the Middle Ages, while others are newer and show Alstadt's progression over time.
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