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Museum of Memory and Human Rights (Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos) picture in Santiago
Courtesy Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos

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If you're looking to learn more about General Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship, plan a visit to the Museum of Memory and Human Rights (Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos). The museum catalogues Pinochet's 17-year rule, which resulted in the torture, murder and disappearance of thousands of Chileans. According to many recent visitors, the museum succeeds in increasing cultural awareness of the thousands of residents impacted by persecutions, exoneration, imprisonment and torture during Pinochet's rule. The museum pays tribute to the thousands of lives lost between 1973 and 1990 through photographs of victims, video coverage of protesters and a host of legal documents, letters and artifacts from the late 20th century.

Visitors describe the museum's collection of stories and objects as enlightening, yet somber. "The stories, pictures and artifacts are amazing, if somewhat chilling. It is important to learn these lessons so it doesn't happen again," commented one TripAdvisor user. Upon entering the museum, also be sure to admire its glass and copper building, designed by acclaimed Brazilian architect Marcos Figueroa.

You can reach the Museum of Memory and Human Rights by taking metro Line 5 to the Quinta Normal stop. Admission is free and exhibitions are open Tuesday through Sunday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.; the museum stays open until 8 p.m. between January and March. The documentation center, which features a digital library and extensive collection of historical documents and audio files from 1973 to 1990, stays open year-round from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., Monday to Friday, and is located in the basement of the museum. You may pick up an audio guide, available in English, for 2,000 CLP (about $3.50 USD). For further details, consult the official Museum of Memory and Human Rights website (written in Spanish).

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#1 Bellavista Beckoning to an artsy crowd, the Bellavista neighborhood features graffiti-lined streets with cafes, art galleries and boutique shops. Here, you'll find inventive cocktail bars and eclectic eateries rubbing shoulders ... Read more » Luigi Giarino / Flickr

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#4 Santa Lucia Hill A hilltop park on the eastern edge of downtown Santiago, Santa Lucía Hill (Cerro Santa Lucía) draws visitors with its panoramic views. To reach the top of Santa Lucía ... Read more » Pierre-Yves Babelon / Shutterstock

#5 Museum of Memory and Human Rights If you're looking to learn more about General Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship, plan a visit to the Museum of Memory and Human Rights (Museo de la Memoria y los ... Read more » Courtesy Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos

#6 Plaza de Armas Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia (who founded Santiago) established this historic square back in 1541, creating a religious and political hub teeming with architectural treasures. Amid the many sights on ... Read more » bumihills / Shutterstock

#7 La Chascona For literary aficionados, no trip to Santiago would be complete without visiting La Chascona, the former residence of Noble Prize-winning poet Pablo Neruda. Named "La Chascona" — or the "Woman with ... Read more » David Berkowitz / Flickr

#8 Wineries Wine connoisseurs love the aromatic vino and colorful scenery found in the Maipo Valley. A smattering of small wine producers — renowned for their flavorful reds, especially cabernet sauvignon — can be ... Read more » Rafael Franceschini / Shutterstock

#9 Portillo Every winter, powder hounds flock to this ski area 102 miles northeast of Santiago to tackle the Andes' famed slopes. Portillo's history stretches back to 1930, when winter sports ... Read more » Morten Anderson / Portillo

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#12 National Museum of Fine Arts If you came to Santiago to enjoy the city's collection of art, head straight to the National Museum of Fine Arts (Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes). The museum's ... Read more » ilya_ktsn / Flickr

#14 The Fashion Museum When the celebrated Fashion Museum (Museo de la Moda) opened its doors in 2007, it attracted the "glitterati" with its array of famous garments. Among the 10,000 pieces on ... Read more » Miguel Vera León / Flickr

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Honoring victims lost during General Augusto Pinochet's rule — which lasted from 1973 to 1990 — this museum displays photographs, letters and artifacts from the 17 years Pinochet was in power. Courtesy Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos

Established in 1541 by Spanish conquistador and city founder Pedro de Valdivia, the Plaza de Armas features a mish-mash of modern sites and historical landmarks.  bumihills / Shutterstock

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Occupying a 20th century neoclassical palace, this museum lures guests with its impressive architecture and versatile collection. The galleries include works from Chilean and foreign artists, and interlace modern pieces with artwork from colonial times. ilya_ktsn / Flickr

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