"Animated" is perhaps the best word to describe Tokyo. Crazy about its anime, Japan's mega city is constantly buzzing with movement – feet clacking down sidewalks, cars zooming along streets, subway trains humming below ground, ships cruising in and out. And yet bright lights and loud signs beg you to pause, to break your motion for just one second to pray (oops, we mean pay) at the altar of consumerism. This is a city that feeds on motion and progress.
But when you want to stop in Tokyo, the city will certainly make it worth your while. The tech-savvy locals may whizz past the monuments and urban parks daily (except during the cherry blossom season when everyone floods the green space), but, we assure you, the museums and historical sites are world-class. Here, there are photos to be taken, sushi to be eaten and a lot of shopping to be done. So what are you waiting for? You better get a move on.
The best time to visit Tokyo is between March and April and September and November. Autumn ushers in colorful foliage and comfortable temperatures. Spring brings in much of the same, but instead of vibrant fall hues, the foliage you'll see here are cherry blossom trees in full bloom. Summer, on the other hand, is peak tourist season, which you'll quickly see from long lines at museums and confused subways riders. If you can, avoid this time of year; you'll face oppressive heat, humidity and high room rates. On the opposite extreme, winter weather is chilly but still manageable; however, you will not be able to experience the full potential of Tokyo's parks at this time of year.
Data sourced from the National Climatic Data Center
Japanese culture in Tokyo is all about the blend of the old and the new. Centuries-old temples rub elbows with modern skyscrapers and while consumerism runs wild on the streets, citizens are expected to maintain a rigid code of conduct, even in private. Most travelers have probably heard of the Japanese tradition of bowing as a greeting. It's easy to get overwhelmed with the rules, but as a westerner, you aren't expected to be well-versed. A low tilt of your head will suffice in a social situation. And if a Japanese person reaches out for a handshake, take it as a sign that you don't have to bow.
Japanese is the spoken language in Japan. A good chunk of Tokyo residents do speak English, especially at hotels, transit stations, and popular attractions, but be patient when approaching locals on the street as some may not understand you right away. If you find yourself invited into a Japanese home or are entering more traditional accommodations or restaurants, you must take off your shoes. If you aren't sure whether or not you should take off your shoes, look for a shoe rack upon entering. If there is one, that's your cue.
And if you can, bring a gift from your home country. While that may be more difficult if you are invited into a Japanese home without prior knowledge before your trip, it's important to know gift-giving plays an important role in building relationships in Japan. If you can't offer up something from home, coming with something from your host country (make sure it's wrapped) will still be received warmly. Just make sure to offer with both hands and if you are given a gift, receive with both hands. But don't open it in front of the host.
Japan uses the Yen, and major credit cards are accepted at most establishments in Tokyo. Since the yen to U.S. dollar exchange rate fluctuates, be sure to check what the current exchange rate is before you go. However, make sure to have some cash on hand if you want to venture to off-the-beaten path destinations, which don't always accept cards. It's important to know that Japanese ATMs mostly take Japanese cards, even if your provider is listed on its ATM. Visitors will find compatible ATMs with their foreign cards at the post office, 7-Eleven's or Citibanks.
Americans will be delighted to know that tipping is not a common practice here. So much so that even if you tip the slightest amount, you'll confuse your server to the point where they'll try to give the money back to you. And if you're in a restaurant that serves noodles or broth-based dishes, you'll likely hear a choir of patrons slurping, which is considered polite and perceived as a sign that you enjoyed your meal. Another thing to keep in mind: Make sure your chopsticks are never left upright in a bowl and avoid playing with them as it's seen as offensive. And if those piping hot noodles leave your nose a little runny, avoid blowing it in public. When the Japanese are sick, they are expected to wait to blow their nose in a private place.
If you consider Tokyo's large amount of restaurants (more than 160,000) combined with the number of prestigious dining awards the city holds (it boasts the most Michelin-starred restaurants in the world), it's easy to see why Tokyo is considered by both chefs and culinary critics to be the foodie capital of the world. But numbers are hardly an accurate reflection of what makes Tokyo's dining scene so noteworthy. Experts say the country's quality of local ingredients, lax import laws (goods are brought in from Europe daily), immense dedication to culinary traditions (both to Japanese fare as well as to other global cuisines) and an aptitude for consistency are just some of the reasons Tokyo has garnered so many distinguished culinary titles.
Another way in which the Tokyo food scene stands out is the abundance of chefs that specialize in just one dish and spend their lives perfecting it. This is also referred to as a shokunin, or an artisan who dedicates themselves to the pursuit of mastering their craft. Jiro Ono is one of these. Chef and owner of Sukiyabashi Jiro – a three-star Michelin sushi restaurant, and the focus of the "Jiro Dreams of Sushi" documentary – Ono has been making sushi since he was 9 years old. There are restaurants all over Tokyo with chefs specializing in ramen, tempura, yakitori and numerous other local favorites. To get a quintessential Tokyo dining experience, seek out micro restaurants that only have about 10 seats or tables (or less).
It's important to remember that sushi here is very different from what you'd find at home. Here, sushi, or nigiri sushi, simply features cuts of fish placed on top of rice. You will also find sushi traditionally rolled with seaweed, but with no extra frills aside from vinegar and wasabi.
Along with sushi, plan to chow down on ramen, tempura, udon noodles, miso and soba noodles – a traditional buckwheat noodle that dates back to the Edo period. You'll also want to sample sakitori, or charcoal-grilled chicken skewers, as well as unagi, or eel that is broiled, steamed, seasoned and then grilled. If you're after something more formal, treat yourself to kaiseki, a multi-course dinner of seasonal small plates. No matter what you eat, make sure to pair it with a beer. Japan is the seventh biggest beer consumer in the world. The biggest domestic makers in the country are Asahi, Kirin and Sapporo. And when it comes to dessert, seek out matcha-flavored anything.
For a big city, Tokyo is pretty safe. Crime rates are low and there isn't much of a reputation for pick pocketing (compared to Europe). Actually, Japan as a whole is considered to be one of the safest countries in the world. However, if you do plan on going out, keep your guard up at all times and be selective where you choose to party. Shinjuku, especially the red light district of Kabukicho, has seen its fair share of seedy activity and crime. The State Department reports that theft and assault have occurred here, as well as in the neighborhoods of Roppongi (an expat community) and Ikebukuro. Even if you steer clear of these areas, the State Department still recommends staying on your toes when partying anywhere in Tokyo. For more information, visit the State Department's website .
The best way to get around Tokyo is the subway. This extensive, efficient network will take you anywhere in the city as quickly as possible. The subway also connects to Tokyo's two major airports – Narita International Airport (NRT) and Haneda Airport (HND). The bus system is even more pervasive than the subway; however, it's subject to traffic delays and usually confuses travelers who don't know Japanese. The city is too massive to be covered on foot, but you should stroll through the individual neighborhoods to enjoy Tokyo's hustle and bustle. Taking a taxi can get costly, but will be necessary when the subway is closed late at night and early in the morning. And if you don't want to hail in the middle of Tokyo's chaos, the city has Uber.See details for Getting Around
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Japan requires you to have a valid U.S. passport when you enter the country. You can stay visa-free for 90 days. For more information, check the U.S. Department of State’s website .
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